UT ibbme ECE
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Remote Image

Remote Vital Sign and Motion Monitoring

Poor balance, mobility restrictions, fear of falling and fall injuries are serious problems in the elderly and in individuals with various disorders and diseases, including stroke, vestibular pathology, neurological diseases, and musculoskeletal disorders. To prevent falls and evaluate associated outcomes, effective methods are required to appropriately assess balance impairments and optimize therapy. We aim to develop a novel system using fast and accurate depth cameras which can assess standing balance and provide feedback to an interactive visual feedback therapy system for training balance in individuals who are at a high risk of falls. Non-contact assessment and monitoring of subject vital signs (e.g. heart rate, respiration rate) is achieved through the continuous analysis of intensity and depth map information provided from multiple stereo depth cameras.

Laser Image

Semiconductor Biosensors

Monolithic integration of light sources and detectors allow for flexible, miniature, low-cost biosensors. We develop GaAs-based Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers (VCSELs) and PIN photodiodes on a single substrate as a miniature readout module for optical biosensing. These biosensors can be optimized for several sensing modalities including fluorescence, back-scattering and index-of-refraction sensing.



Label-free biosensing approaches permit rapid real-time detection, and minimize sample preparation and interference with the detected analyte. We use index-of-refraction sensing in photonic nano-structures as a label-free approach for biosensing. In applications of in vitro diagnostics, sensing with photonic crystal nanostructures provides the benefits of high sensitivity, speed, portability and accuracy. A photonic crystal slab (PCS) is a periodic dielectric nanostructure that can affect the behaviour of light at interfaces through guided resonance modes. At a guided resonance frequency, a high field concentration associates with the PCS, allowing for adjacent biomolecules to be sensed via changes in local index of refraction.

Brain Image


Optical imaging of neural activity and cortical hemodynamics allow for a minimally invasive interrogation of the brain. Changes in neural activity and blood flow can be observed by imaging the cortex and evaluating changes in back-reflected light. We develop optical imaging techniques and sensor arrays for optical neural imaging that incorporate our miniature semiconductor biosensors. Our goal is to enable implantable, minimally invasive optical recording of neural activity in freely-behaving subjects.


Implantable in vivo Monitoring

Implantable sensors allow for continuous monitoring of tissue dynamics and can be applied to tracking changes in tumour growth or therapy and stem cell development, among other applications. We develop miniature implantable optical biosensors that incorporate our semiconductor biosensors and evaluate their performance in fluorescence sensing of optical molecular markers that report tissue dynamics.

Welcome to the Biophotonics Group website at the University of Toronto

Our research interests include developing biomedical imaging systems and optical bio-sensors based on semiconductor devices and nano-structures, and their application to bio-medical diagnostics, in vivo imaging, and study of bio-molecular interactions. The goal of our work is to integrate sensor components into miniature functional bio-sensors and apply them to novel biology and bio-medical applications. As such, our research is interdisciplinary and include semiconductor device physics, optics, micro- and nano-fabrication, chemistry and applications in biomedical diagnostics, cancer studies and neurobiology.

For Prospective Applicants:

Information regarding current lab research opportunities (e.g. summer research, 4th year thesis, graduate studies, etc) is available here or under "About Us" -> "Positions Available".